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Landlord/Tenant Problems

This information is provided by the Attorney General's Office to give general information about the state's Residential Landlord-Tenant Act (RCW 59.18 ).

Since this is a lengthy and complicated law that continues to be interpreted by the courts, we recommend contacting an attorney when dealing with your specific landlord-tenant question.

LANDLORD-TENANT LAW:

Who is not covered by the law?

Most tenants who rent a place to live come under the state's Residential Landlord-Tenant Act . However, certain renters are specifically excluded from the law.

Those who are generally not covered by the Residential Landlord-Tenant Act are:

  • Renters of a space in a mobile home park. They are usually covered by the state's Mobile Home Landlord-Tenant Act (RCW 59.20 ). However, renters of both a space and a mobile home are usually covered by the residential law.
  • Residents of hotels, motels, or other transient lodgings.
  • Residents of a public or private medical, religious, educational, recreational or correctional institutions and licensed nursing homes, monasteries, convents and hospitals.
  • Tenants with an earnest money agreement to purchase the dwelling.
  • Residents of a single-family dwelling rented as part of a lease for agricultural land.
  • Residents of housing provided for seasonal farm work.
  • Tenants employed by the landlord who live in the rental unit as a job condition (such as an apartment house manager).
  • Tenants leasing a single family dwelling for one year or more, when their attorney has approved the exemption.
  • Tenants using the property for commercial rather than residential purposes.
  • Tenants with rental agreements with the state of Washington.

RIGHTS OF ALL TENANTS:

Renters not covered by the Landlord-Tenant Act do have these basic rights under other state laws, including:

  • Right to a livable dwelling.
  • Protection from unlawful discrimination.
  • Right to hold the landlord liable for damage caused by the landlord's negligence.
  • Protection against lockouts and seizure of personal property by the landlord.

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